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Chicago Format & Citation Style: Notes and Bibliography, 17th Edition


The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.) provides standardized rules for formatting a paper (margins, line spacing, etc.), as well as a consistent method for citing ideas, quotations, facts, and paraphrases borrowed from other sources.

Chicago style provides two different methods for source citation.

Notes-Bibliography style uses footnotes (or endnotes) for citations within the text and a bibliography at the end. This format is used in History, Art, and other humanities disciplines.

Author-Date style uses parenthetical references for in-text citations and a reference list at the end. This format is used in many science and social science disciplines.

Chicago Notes-Bibliography (Turabian) Citation Style: A Tutorial

Watch this brief video for help with Chicago Notes-Bibliography style:

You may activate the closed-captioning on this video, if desired. A transcript of this video is also provided below.