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IEEE Style Guide

Outline of the IEEE citation and reference style

Citing Patents in IEEE

Patents

 

Print patents

Citation Elements

Author(s) First name or initials. Surname, “Title of patent,” U.S. Patent [Patent authority] x xxx xxx [patent number], Abbrev. Month, day, year.

See page 37 of IEEE Editorial Style Manual

Examples
[1] J. Armstrong, "Methods and apparatus for generation and transmission of optical signals," U.S. Patent 7 796 898, Sept., 14, 2010.
[1] J. P. Wilkinson, "Nonlinear resonant circuit devices," U.S. Patent 3 624 125, July 16, 1990.
[2] T. Mei and T. Yang, "Circuit and method for average –current regulation of light-emitting diodes," U.S. Patent 7 898 187 B1, 2011, Mar. 1, 2012.
[3] S. P. Voinigescu et al., "Direct m-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) operating in saturated power mode, " U.S. Patent Appl. 20110013726A1, Jan. 20, 2011.

 

Online patents

Citation Elements

Name of the invention, by inventor's name. (year, month day). Patent Number [Type of  medium]. Available: site/path/file

See page 40 of IEEE Editorial Style Manual

Example
[1] Musical toothbrush with adjustable neck and mirror, by L.M.R. Brooks. (1992, May 19). Patent D 326 189 [Online]. Available: NEXIS Library: LEXPAT File: DESIGN