Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
UWF Libraries logo
Your opinion counts! Please give us feedback.

APA Format & Citation Style, 6th edition

E-mail

E-mails are not included in the reference list because they do not provide recoverable data. Personal communication includes personal interviews, letters, phone calls, email or messages from nonarchived discussion groups.
 
General Format 
 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Sender First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, personal communication, Month Day,
      Year)
     
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Sender First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, personal communication, Month Day,
      Year)
 
      References:
      Not included.
  
Example
 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (K. Johnson, personal communication, March 25, 2010)
 
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (K. Johnson, personal communication, March 25, 2010)
 
      References:
      Not included.