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APA Format & Citation Style, 6th edition

Journal Article with Three to Seven Authors

Helpful Tips:  

If a journal article has a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) listed, you will always include this identifier in your reference.  You will not have to include the URL of the journal's home page or of the database from which you retrieved the article if a DOI is available.

If you viewed a journal article in an online database and it does not have a DOI, you will need to do a quick search outside of the database to locate the URL for the journal's home page (pp. 191-192).  This information must be included in the reference.  If the journal is no longer being published and it does not have a home page, then include the URL for the home page of the database from which you retrieved the article (p. 192).

If you viewed a journal article in its print format, be sure to check if it has a DOI listed.  If it does not, your reference to the article would end after you provide the page range of the article.

General Format

        In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Author Surname, Author Surname, & Author Surname, Year)
     
NOTE: Although the first in-text citation for a work with three to five authors/editors includes all of the names of the authors/editors,subsequent citations include only the first author's/editor's surname,followed by et al. and the year.
 
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Author Surname, Author Surname, & Author Surname, Year, page number)
 
References:
Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial.Second Initial., & Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Article title: Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(issue), page range. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx OR Retrieved from URL of journal home page [if available].  
 
Example 1 (In-text citation rule for 3-5 authors)
 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Westhues, Lafrance, & Schmidt, 2001)
 
      NOTE: A subsequent citation would appear as (Westhues et al., 2001)
 
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
 
      (Westhues, Lafrance, & Schmidt, 2001, p. 40)
 
References:
Westhues, A., Lafrance, J., & Schmidt, G. (2001). A SWOT analysis of social work education in Canada. Social Work Education, 20(1), 35-56.doi:10.1080/02615470020028364
 
Example 2 (In-text citation rule for 6 authors or more)
 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Dietz et al., 2007)
 
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Dietz et al., 2007, p. 1518)
 
References:
Dietz, P. M., Williams, S. B., Callaghan, W. M., Bachman, D. J., Whitlock, E. P., & Hornbrook, M. C.     (2007).Clinically identified maternal depression before, during, and after pregnancies ending in live births. American Journal of Psychiatry, 164(10), 1515-1520. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2007.061118936
 

Special Note: Journal Issue Number

Section 7.01: If each issue of a journal begins on page 1, give the issue number in parenthesis immediately after the volume number. If your journal does not start on page 1, then you do not need to include the issue number. 

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

What is a DOI? A DOI (digital object identifier) is a unique alphanumeric string assigned by a registration agency (the International DOI Foundation) to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location on the internet. 

NOTE: It is regarded as the most important part of the citation because it will accurately direct users to the specific article.

Think of it as a "digital fingerprint" or an article's DNA!

FYI - Updated rules on using DOI (March 2017):

Correct:  

  • doi:10.1186/1471-2288-12-114
  • http://doi:10.1186/1471-2288-12-114

Incorrect:     

  • doi:http://doi:10.1186/1471-2288-12-114
  • Retrieved from http://doi:10.1186/1471-2288-12-114

(Above information from The APA blog on DOI. This is APA's official blog and their staff provides excellent examples on APA formatting/citations.)