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MLA Citation Style, 8th Edition

This guide will provide rules and examples for using MLA citation style.

Books - with editors or translators

Editors, Translators, and Other Contributors

Editors, Translators, and Other Contributors are noted after the title of the book, separate from the author(s) when authors are present. When no main author is present, the editor is listed in the author's place with "editor" afterwards. In-text citations should always begin with the beginning piece of information on the Works Cited page.

Example, Editor (where there is a main author):

Mackail, J.W. Latin Literature. Edited by Harry C. Schnur, Collier, 1962.


(Mackail 10). / Mackail stated . . . (10).

Example, Translator:

Homer. The Odyssey. Translated by Robert Fagles, Viking, 1996.


(Homer 42). / Homer wrote . . . (42).

Editors (when no main author is present):

Aldrige, Alfred Owen, editor. Comparative Literature: Matter and Method. U of Illinois P, 1969.


(Aldrige 32).

NOTE: If you are focusing on a chapter or essay within a collection, you need to cite the chapter's author and chapter first. See "Book - Essay, Short Story, etc."

Other Common Descriptors

Other Common Descriptors

You may need to use other descriptors. You may do this like you would a source that has a main author, above. Here are some common examples:

  • Adapted by
  • Directed by
  • Edited by
  • Illustrated by
  • Introduction by
  • Narrated by
  • Performance by
  • Translated by