#1: Evaluate, Evaluate, Evaluate
So, finally, is your news source CRAAP? More on Fact-Checking:
#2: Google It!
If you found out something via social media, you should take 5 seconds and just Google it! More often than not, a Google search will show:
I would say that most of the time, 5 seconds is all you need before you hit the angry, the like, the love, or - WORSE! - the share button!
#3: Get News from News Sources
One of the easiest ways to avoid the trap of fake news to begin with may seem obvious:
Go directly to credible news websites for your news.
Relying on Facebook to see what is "trending" or what is being shared across your newsfeed means you have to verify every single meme or news article you come across. Why not rely on news apps on your phone that go to news websites for that?
**Keep in mind that even some reputable news sites have biases and may tell the facts in different ways.**
#4: Distinguish Opinion from Fact
Even news websites and programs have spaces or shows dedicated to people's opinions of news stories. In newspapers, these sections may be called:
Opinion shows many times now dominate cable news sources. You may agree with the opinions presented, or they may contextualize the facts for you in a way that makes sense. However, realize they are presenting the facts in a way that meets their agenda and think for yourself: How might "the other side" present these same facts?
Examples of opinion shows on news channels are:
#5: Watch out for red flags!