"Your first duty as a researcher is to get the facts right. Your second duty is to tell readers where the facts came from."
-- Kate Turabian
The purpose of any citation method is the same, and there are 4 main reasons for citing sources:
Whenever you quote, summarize, or paraphrase another author's work or research, you MUST include a citation that tells the reader what information you have borrowed and from where. On a more practical note, attributing, borrowing, and citing sources correctly is the easiest way to avoid plagiarism charges. Plagiarism is a serious academic offense. It is defined in the 'Code of Student Conduct' within the UWF Student Handbook as "the act of representing the ideas, words, creations or work of another as one's own." The document further explains that "plagiarism combines theft with fraud."
Simply stated, plagiarism is stealing another person's intellectual property or using someone else's work without giving him or her appropriate credit.
You do not have to cite common knowledge or your original ideas.
What is common knowledge?
Common knowledge consists of facts and sayings that are well known by a large number of people or information that is included in multiple sources.
A well-known fact DOES NOT need a citation:
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States.
Interpretations or new research DOES need a citation:
According to the American Family Leave Coalition's new book, Family Issues and Congress, President Bush's relationship with Congress has hindered family leave legislation (Clark, 6).
Statistics show that more African-Americans voted in the 2004 election than the 2000 election (Smith, 10).
Directly quoting a work is taking the exact words from a source and putting it into your own paper. Quotations should be used sparingly and are usually used in conjunction with paraphrasing and summarizing. Use quotations only when the exact words of what an author is saying is particularly significant to your point.
EasyBib Grammar & Plagiarism Infographic:http://www.easybib.com/guides/students/research-guide/what-is-plagiarism/
For more information try EasyBib Grammar & Plagiarism: https://www.easybib.com/grammar-and-plagiarism/