Many arts and humanities disciplines use Chicago Notes-Bibliography style for citing sources. This format uses footnotes/endnotes within the text, not parenthetical citations.
Use the N format for footnotes/endnotes, and B for a bibliographic entry. Some of the major differences between the formats are:
Indentation: The first line of a footnote is indented, while subsequent lines are not. Conversely, the first line of a bibliographic citation is not indented, while subsequent lines are.
Name Order: Footnotes list author as first name last name, whereas bibliographic citations list author as last name, first name.
Punctuation: Footnotes use more commas and bibliographic citations use more periods.
The following examples of the most commons types of citations are taken/adapted directly from the 17th edition of the Chicago manual. For additional examples, consult chapter 14 (pages 741-890) or the online Chicago Quick Guide.