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MLA Citation Style, 9th Edition

This guide will assist you in formatting your in-text and Works Cited citations in MLA, 9th Edition, format.

Scholarly Article in a Database - with DOI

For scholarly articles accessed electronically in a database, provide the print information and then list the database and the DOI (digital object identifier) in URL format--if the article has one-- or the URL. 

DOI Example:

Walshe, Rory A. and Charlotte Eloise Stancioff. "Small Island Perspectives on Climate Change." Island Studies Journal, vol. 13, no. 1, May 2018, pp. 13-24. EBSCOhost, https://doi.org/10.24043/isj.56.

 

Scholarly Article in a Database - without DOI

If the article in the database does not have a DOI, use a URL.

For URLs from a database, be sure to copy the stable URL or "permalink" as those do not change and will remain active. Databases normally have a way to access those links -- and they are different-- from the links in your browser.

URL Example:

Hannah, Daniel K. "The Private Life, the Public Stage: Henry James in Recent Fiction." Journal of Modern Literature, vol.30, no. 3, 2007, pp. 70-94. JSTOR, www.jstor.org.ezproxy.lib.uwf.edu/stable/30053134.

Scholarly Article from a Website

When citing an article from a website, include the URL. NOTE: some online journal articles WILL have a doi. If so, use it in the URL format instead.

Example:

Tapia, Elena. "Symmetry as Conceptual Metaphor in Walker's The Color Purple." International Journal of English Studies, vol. 3, no. 1, 2003, pp.29-44, https://revistas.um.es/ijes/article/view/48461. 

Scholarly Article in a Print Journal

Format:

A print article is formatted the same as an online article from a database minus the database and URL.

Example:

Hannah, Daniel K. "The Private Life, the Public Stage: Henry James in Recent Fiction." Journal of Modern Literature, vol.30, no.3, 2007, pp. 70-94.