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APA Format & Citation Style, 7th edition

A guide to help users create citations using APA (American Psychological Association) style, 7th edition.

Basic Web Page

General Format 

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (Author Surname, Year)
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Author Surname, Year, page or paragraph number [if available])


      Personal or Corporate Author. (Last update or copyright date; if not known, put n.d.).
            Title of specific document. Site Name (if needed). URL of specific document



      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (Ahmadi, 2018)


      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Ahmadi, 2018, para. 3)


      Ahmadi, S. (2018). Lesson plan: Filter bubbles. Digital Writing & Research Lab.
Helpful Tips
  • When citing sources that you find on the Internet you only need to include a retrieval date if the information you viewed is likely to change over time.  If you reference an article from a news source (e.g., CNN, NBC, Washington Post) or a site that may experience continuous updates, you would then need to include a retrieval date.
  • New in 7th edition: You must include the site name in your citation, unless the site name is the same as the corporate author. For example, a citation of a CDC report would not include the site name.