Skip to Main Content
UWF Libraries logo
Your opinion counts! Please give us feedback.

APA Format & Citation Style, 7th edition

A guide to help users create citations using APA (American Psychological Association) style, 7th edition.

Journal Article with Two Authors (p. 198)

General Format 

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (Author Surname & Author Surname, Year)
In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Author Surname & Author Surname, Year, page number)
Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., & Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Article title: Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(issue), page range. OR [nothing - if in an online database and does not have a doi] OR URL to document on website if readers can access.


Example 1


      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):
      (Paterson & Thorne, 2003)


      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Paterson & Thorne, 2003, p. 30)


      Paterson, B. L., & Thorne, S. (2003). Enhancing the evaluation of nursing care
            effectiveness. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 35(3), 26-38.


Example 2


      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Sillick & Schutte, 2006)


      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Sillick & Schutte, 2006, p. 43)


      Sillick, T. J., & Schutte, N. S. (2006). Emotional intelligence and self-esteem mediate
            between perceived early parental love and adult happiness. E-Journal of Applied
            Psychology, 2(2), 38-48.


Helpful Tips:

DOI: If a journal article has a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) listed, you will always include this identifier in your reference as a URL. You will not have to include a different URL or the database from which you retrieved the article if a DOI is available. Include a DOI for all works that have a DOI, regardless of whether you used the online version or the print version.

Online Database: If you viewed a journal article in an online database and it does not have a DOI, the reference should be the same as the reference for a print version of the work. In other words, nothing after the page numbers will appear.

Website/Online: If an online work (not including academic research databases), provide the URL in the reference (as long as the URL will work for readers).

Print: If you viewed a journal article in its print format, be sure to check if it has a DOI listed. If it does not, your reference to the article would end after you provide the page range of the article.

Date: When possible, include the year, month, and date in references. If the month and date are not available, use the year of publication.