"Predatory journals and publishers are entities that prioritize self-interest at the expense of scholarship and are characterized by false or misleading information, deviation from best editorial and publication practices, a lack of transparency, and/or the use of aggressive and indiscriminate solicitation practices"
Grudniewicz, et. al. (2019). Predatory journals: no definition, no defence. Nature, 576(7786), 210–212.
As you explore opportunities for publishing and presenting at conferences you may come across predators who prey on individuals with a variety of money-making ventures. They may take the form of publishers, journals, or conference organizers. It's essential that you have confidence in the quality and integrity of the resources that publish or host your research.
Where to start...if you are unfamiliar with the quality indicator noted below you may want to start with a checklist or checkpoint you can utilize to determine the integrity of journals and conferences. Keep in mind that no list is comprehensive and you may find that you need to use more than one or add questions of your own.
Science, in particular, seems to afflicted with this issue more so than other disciplines. For more information read the articles below.
Mercier, E., Tardif, P. A., Moore, L., Le Sage, N., & Cameron, P. A. (2018). Invitations received from potential predatory publishers and fraudulent conferences: a 12-month early-career researcher experience. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 94(1108), 104–10
While there are several lists that attempt to identify predatory journals and publishers you will most likely want to check more than one as they are updated at various intervals.
Open Access publishing is not without faults. Some publishers that charge authors for submissions may use questionable publishing practices, such as slack or non-existent peer review, or only publishing for the sake of profit.
Note that there is no single criterion that indicates whether or not a publication is reputable. Rather, look for a cumulative effect of more positives or more negatives.
Questions to ask yourself:
Credit: The listing of Open Access Journal Quality Indicators was developed by the Grand Valley State University Libraries, and is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.