Evidence based practice (EBP) is the conscientious use of current best evidence in making decisions about patient care (Sackett, Straus, Richardson, Rosenberg, & Haynes, 2000).
You might be asking, "Why do I need to know how to develop EBP research skills?"
Here are a few reasons:
Youngblut, J. M., & Brooten, D. (2001). Evidence-based nursing practice: Why is it important? AACN Clinical Issues, 12(4), 468-476.
Knowing how to form a PICO(T) question helps you get evidence to support best practices. In academia, you use the question to:
PICO describes the process of defining a problem and creating a clinical question, e.g., a good clinical question will include all :
P Patient population of interest
I Intervention/issue of interest
C Comparison of interest
O Outcome of interest
Sometimes, a fifth element, Time, is added to the process
Example: In acute care patients, how do repositioning initiatives, compared to no initiatives, affect hospital acquired pressure ulcers?
P Patient population of interest and/or problem = Acute Care Patients
I Intervention/issue of interest = Repositioning Initiatives
C Comparison of interest = No treatment
O Outcome of interest = Decreased risk of pressure ulcer
Identify the topics and terms from your question to search the literature
Search Tip: Begin with a broader search by using only a couple of elements, such as P (population) and I (intervention). Based on your results, you can add in keywords that fit the other PICO(T) elements.