This guide provides information and how-to steps for fine-tuning your evidence-based topics into the PICO (T) question format, creating search strategies, identifying appropriate resources, evaluating your resources, and using AOA you cite your resources.
"Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a problem-solving approach to the delivery of health care that integrates the best evidence from studies and patient care data with clinician expertise and patient preferences and values." (Melnyk et. al., 2009)
You might be asking, "Why do I need to know how to develop EBP research skills?"
Here are a few reasons:
Melnyk BM, Fineout-Overholt E, Stillwell SB, & Williamson KM. (2009). Evidence-based practice: step by step. Igniting a spirit of inquiry: an essential foundation for evidence-based practice: how nurses can build the knowledge and skills they need to implement ERP. AJN American Journal of Nursing, 109(11), 49–52. https://doi-org.ezproxy.lib.uwf.edu/10.1097/01.NAJ.0000363354.53883.58
Knowing how to form a PICO(T) question helps you get evidence to support best practices. In academia, you use the question to:
PICO describes the process of defining a problem and creating a clinical question, e.g., a good clinical question will include all :
P Patient population of interest
I Intervention/issue of interest
C Comparison of interest (Optional)
O Outcome of interest
Sometimes, a fifth element, Time, is added to the process
Example: In acute care patients, how do repositioning initiatives, compared to no initiatives, affect hospital-acquired pressure ulcers?
P Patient population of interest and/or problem = Acute Care Patients
I Intervention/issue of interest = Repositioning Initiatives
C Comparison of interest = No treatment
O Outcome of interest = Decreased risk of pressure ulcer
Identify the topics and terms from your question to search the literature
Search Tip: Begin with a broader search by using only a couple of elements, such as P (population) and I (intervention). Based on your results, you can add keywords that fit the other PICO(T) elements.