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Citing Sources (Citation Styles): APA Style

A short guide to citing your sources in APA, MLA, Chicago, and Turabian formats

APA Format

Many Social Science disciplines use APA format for citing sources.  The most recent guide is the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 6th Edition.  See our additional page to format in-text or parenthetical citations.  

The following examples of the most commons types of citations are adapted from the 6th edition (2010) of the APA manual.  For additional examples, consult chapter 7 (pages 193-224) of the APA Manual or browse the APA Style online guide at 

Single Author

Ball, P. (2001). Bright earth: Art and the invention of color. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Multiple Authors

Bird, K., & Martin, J. S. (2005). American prometheus: The triumph and tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.


Silverstein, T. (Ed). (1974). Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Chapter in a Book

Demos, J. (2001). Real lives and other fictions: Reconsidering Wallace Stegner's Angle of Repose. In Carnes, M. (Ed.), Novel history: Historians and novelists confront America's past (and each other), (pp. 132-145). New York: Simon and Schuster.

Journal Article

Burns, S. (2005). Ordering the artist's body: Thomas Eakins' acts of self-portrayal. American Art, 19(1), 90-102.

Journal Article with DOI

Murdock, L. & Hobbs, J. (2011, July). Picture me playing: Increasing pretend play dialogue of children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41 (7), 870-878. doi: 10.1007/s10803-010-1108-6

Thesis or Disssertation

Erickson, C. (2008). Critical multiculturalism and preservice teacher education (Doctoral dissertation, University of West Florida).Retrieved from


Florida Department of Education. (2010). Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: Grade two, social studies. Retrieved from

APA 6th Edition