Skip to main content

PLA 3103: Legal Research & Writing: Formatting Your Paper

This guide is dedicated to the Legal Research and Writing course.

APA 6th Edition

Bluebook Citation Help

Bluebook, a Uniform System of Citation. 2000. (Ref. KF 245 B58) The Uniform System of Citation, known as the bluebook, is the standard reference source for the rules and principles of citing legal materials. See also:

  • User's Guide to The Bluebook (Ref. KF 245 D853 2000)
  • Bieber's Dictionary of Legal Citations (Ref. KF 246 B45 2001)
  • ALWD Citation Manual (Ref. KF 245 A45 2003)
  • Introduction to Basic Legal Citation 2010 (
  • The Redbook: A Manual on Legal Style. 2002. (Ref. KF 250 G375 2002)

APA Format

The most recent guide is the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 6th Edition.  

The following examples of the most commons types of citations are adapted from the 6th edition (2010) of the APA manual.  For additional examples, consult chapter 7 (pages 193-224) of the APA Manual or browse the APA Style online guide at 

Single Author

Ball, P. (2001). Bright earth: Art and the invention of color. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Multiple Authors

Bird, K., & Martin, J. S. (2005). American prometheus: The triumph and tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.


Silverstein, T. (Ed). (1974). Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Chapter in a Book

Demos, J. (2001). Real lives and other fictions: Reconsidering Wallace Stegner's Angle of Repose. In Carnes, M. (Ed.), Novel history: Historians and novelists confront America's past (and each other), (pp. 132-145). New York: Simon and Schuster.

Journal Article

Burns, S. (2005). Ordering the artist's body: Thomas Eakins' acts of self-portrayal. American Art, 19(1), 90-102.

Journal Article with DOI

Murdock, L. & Hobbs, J. (2011, July). Picture me playing: Increasing pretend play dialogue of children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41 (7), 870-878. doi: 10.1007/s10803-010-1108-6

Thesis or Disssertation

Erickson, C. (2008). Critical multiculturalism and preservice teacher education (Doctoral dissertation, University of West Florida).Retrieved from


Florida Department of Education. (2010). Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: Grade two, social studies. Retrieved from

APA Sample Template

Here is a copy of an APA Sample Template provided by Professor Harrell and Dr. Haraway to assist you in the APA formatting process.