According to the Academy of Medical-Surgical Nurses (AMSN)
Evidence based practice (EBP) is the conscientious use of current best evidence in making decisions about patient care (Sackett, Straus, Richardson, Rosenberg, & Haynes, 2000).
It is a problem solving approach to clinical practice and administrative issues that integrates:
The EBP process is a method that allows the practitioner to assess research, clinical guidelines, and other information resources based on high quality findings and apply the results to practice.
Academy of Medical-Surgical Nurses.Evidence-based practice. Retrieved from https://www.amsn.org/practice-resources/evidence-based-practice
You might be asking, "Why do I need to know how to develop EBP research skills?"
Here are a few reasons:
Youngblut, J. M., & Brooten, D. (2001). Evidence-based nursing practice: Why is it important? AACN Clinical Issues, 12(4), 468-476.
PICO describes the process of defining a problem and creating a clinical question, e.g., a good clinical question will include all :
P Patient population of interest
I Intervention/issue of interest
C Comparison of interest
O Outcome of interest
Sometimes, a fifth element, Time, is added to the process
Example:How effective is glucosamine, compared to no treatment, in treating osteoarthritis in middle aged women?
P Patient population of interest and/or problem = Middle aged women with osteoarthritis
I Intervention/issue of interest = Glucosamine
C Comparison of interest = No treatment
O Outcome of interest = Decreased pain from osteoarthritis
Identify the topics and terms from your question to search the literature
Search Tip: Begin with a broader search by using only a couple of elements, such as P (population) and I (intervention). Based on your results, you can add in keywords that fit the other PICO(T) elements.
Evidence-based Practice involves